1963-2018 - 55 years of Research for Social Change

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Back | Programme Area: Social Policy and Development (2000 - 2009)

Wealth and Income Inequalities (Country case study: Botswana) (Draft)

Inequalities can be measured using both income as well as wealth. Income can be measured as cash income but also as non-cash income, especially in developing countries such as Botswana, where people in rural areas often rely on in-kind payment. When income distribution is measured using cash incomes, the distribution is different to when "all" income is used, especially for the rural area. Wealth, on the other hand, is assessed using livestock.

This paper captures the distribution of income and wealth, both cash as well as total income, for households at a national level, then separated for rural as well as towns and cities and urban villages. It looks at the trends over time to see whether the inequalities worsened or improved.
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  • Pub. Date: 17 Nov 2010